Vocational training is training which prepares students to undertake vocational activities in an educational field or to undertake employment in a specific skilled trade or profession as an artisan or technician. Vocational training can be described as training, as well as vocational education, which aim to develop a person's potentials for professional growth and development. Vocational training may be obtained at any stage of life. These include childhood, adolescence and adulthood. Vocational training programs are designed to give young people from different walks of life the chance to pursue a rewarding career.
Vocational training is an aspect of the higher education system. Vocational training courses provide skills and knowledge that students need to participate effectively within the workplace. Vocational courses are usually academic subjects but can also include practical or creative training and other academic-related modules. These vocational skills to aid job seekers in finding a suitable career, enhancing their skills and knowledge base, and enhancing their employability in the current and/or future labour market.
There are two types of vocational education: academic and job-based. Academic vocational education deals with specific subjects that train students to undertake academic study. Job-based vocational education trains students to undertake a specific job. The subjects and syllabus of job-specific vocational education programs may consist of mathematics, grammar, science, English literature and social studies. For students who wish to gain entrance into the civil service or the military, they may also be required to complete a specific number of military or civilian public high school graduates completing one or more occupational courses.
Vocational programs offering vocational education are available at both public and private educational institutes. Courses can be completed at any stage of life. However, students enrolled in vocational education programs offering basic courses find it very easy to acquire an internship while pursuing studies. For those who wish to complete a long-term program and obtain a qualification in more than one field, it is better to join a course for a single subject.
Vocational programs that offer technical and vocational education include courses for high school graduates completing their secondary level. In recent years, the demand for professionals with a high school diploma has increased. As a result, many schools have taken steps to introduce a program offering vocational education for high school graduates completing their secondary level. An example is the Vocational and Technical School, which is located in Rockford, Illinois.
Vocational programs offering specialized academic and occupational training for high school graduates completing their secondary vocational courses can be found at both the public and private educational institutes. The requirements for enrollment vary from institution to institution. At some schools, an application is required while others allow a student to join on the basis of his merits or on completion of a course. Private vocational schools offering general labor market preparation, on the other hand, do not require an application.
Public vocational and educational institutions that offer courses in specializations in specialized areas provide an opportunity for participants to concentrate on particular courses. An example of such a vocational course is the one on environmental conservation or landscape architecture. Participants have the option to pursue two related specializations - one focusing on landscape architecture and another on environmental conservation. At least one course in this specialization is compulsory.
General Labor Market Preparation (ELMP) is a course offered by most vocational institutions and branches. It covers subjects that the participants need to know if they wish to enter the workforce after finishing their education. An example of an ELMP course is the one on environmental conservation or landscape architecture. It is a prerequisite for participants to have completed at least one year of academic study at vocational or secondary schools. The subjects covered include mathematics, grammar, and composition. By successfully completing this course, participants are eligible to apply for jobs in agencies and organizations involved in the management of natural resources.